Agriculture is the backbone of Pakistan’s economy. It contributes about 24 per cent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and accounts for half of the employed labour force. It is also the largest source of foreign exchange earnings. The importance of agriculture in terms of its contribution to Pakistan’s economy is overwhelming. In fact, the share of agriculture in Pakistan’s GDP is significantly higher than other countries in South Asia.
As far as international trade in agricultural
products is concerned, Pakistan has some sources show the figure to be lower at 21%. Pakistan Bureau of Statistics Report dated 20 April 2016
Traditionally been a net food importer, but for the first time in 2013, it had a trade surplus with its exports of agricultural products reaching US$ 5.6 billion. Major crops produced in Pakistan include wheat, rice, maize, cotton, and sugar cane. Pakistan is also an important producer of fruits and vegetables. Other important agricultural goods cultivated in Pakistan include pulses, chilli, and medicinal herbs. The fisheries sector also has a significant role Pakistan’s economy and particularly for the communities living in the coastal areas.
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